Binding precedent means a precedent or an existing law that courts are bound to follow for example, a lower court is bound to follow an applicable holding of a higher court in the same jurisdiction such precedents are also termed authoritative precedent or binding authority. Doctrine of binding precedent is based on a principle of fairness and justice the interest of justice also demands impartiality from the judge if he tries to distinguish an indistinguishable case, his attempt will obvious. Practice statement (judicial precedent)  abolished rule house of lords was bound by its previous decisions lord gardiner: their lordships regard the use of precedent as an indispensable foundation upon which to decide what is the law and its application to individual cases. The doctrine of judicial binding precedent, concerns itself with the importance of case law when cases are examined, the facts of the case are considered more importantly, how the law applies to these facts is scrutinised it is the latter that produces precedent, based on the maxim of stare decisis.
Judicial precedent or binding precedence or doctrine of stare decisis a precedent is defined as a judgment or decision of a court of law cited as an authority for the legal principle embodied in its decision. The doctrine of judicial precedent or stare decisis is hinged on the fact that the principle of law on which a court bases its facts, or issues before it must be followed by courts lower in hierarchy and may be followed by a court of. Through judicial precedent, lower courts are bound by the decisions of higher courts, hence based on the statement it is accurate to say that the doctrine of binding precedent does ensures both certainty and flexibility in the common law. For further information on the doctrine of precedent, see theories of judicial decision making and the doctrine of precedent introduction  the doctrine of precedent refers to the way judges make the law (and decide cases) by referring to previous decisions (precedents.
The judicial system is the state machinery for resolving conflicts between individuals, and individuals and the state, according to law it comprises a hierarchy of courts organised under the doctrines of precedent (like cases should be decided alike) and stare decisis (the decisions of higher courts are binding on lower courts in the judicial hierarchy. According to salmond, the doctrine of precedent has two meanings, namely (1) in a loose sense precedent includes merely reported case-law which may be cited and follows by the court, (2) in its strict sense, precedent means that case-law which not only has a great binding authority. The doctrine of judicial precedent is at the heart of the uk common law system of rights and duties the courts are bound (within prescribed limits) by prior decisions of superior courts adherence to precedent helps achieve two objects of the legal order.
The doctrine of judicial precedent involves an application of the principle of stare decisis ie, to stand by the decided in practice, this means that inferior courts are bound to apply the legal principles set down by superior courts in earlier cases. Australian legal system • the doctrine of precedent determines the relative weight to be accorded to the different cases persuasive, but not binding • courts are generally not bound by their own decisions, but will only depart from them with reluctance. The doctrine of binding precedent in any community laws are laid down to regulate and guide the actions of its citizens failure to adhere to these laws, results in a person committing a crime which is an act or omission prohibited and punishable by law.
The doctrine of judicial precedent 153 to possess a clear understanding of the intricacies of judicial precedent ( e answer lies in the fact that the term ‘experience’ only begins to describe the situation first, even when a layperson uses the term ‘precedent’ there is an implication that what. The doctrine of binding precedent or stare decisis is basic to the english legal system, and to the legal systems that derived from it such as those of australia, canada, hong kong, new zealand, pakistan, singapore, malaysia and south africa. Binding precedent is a doctrine in the law that requires a lower court to apply the same law when presented with the same or substantially similar. A precedent is a statement of law found in the decision of a superior court, which decision has to be followed by that court and by the courts inferior to it. Briefly explain what is meant by the doctrine of judicial precedent introduction briefly explain what is meant by the doctrine of judicial precedent (10 marks) judicial precedent refers to the sources of law where past decisions made by judges create law for future judges to follow binding precedent is a precedent from an earlier.
The judicial precedent’s doctrine is based on the principle called stare decisis – to stand upon decisions and by which precedents are commanding and compulsory and must be practiced this means that lower courts are bound to apply the legal principles set by superior courts in earlier cases. A judicial precedent the doctrine of binding precedent or stare decisis, refers to the fact that, the decision of a higher court will be binding on a court lower than its hierachy judicial precedent can be applied on cases and to be treated similiarly when the material facts of the cases are identical. “the doctrine of stare decisis or the rule of judicial precedent dictates that a court other than the highest court is obliged generally to follow the decisions of the courts at a higher or the same level in the court structure subject to certain. The doctrine of judicial precedent refers to the process by which judges follow previously decided cases courts at the top of the hierarchy are of more significance so their decisions carry.
Related to binding precedents: precedent, stare decisis, legal precedent, persuasive precedent precedent a court decision that is cited as an example or analogy to resolve similar questions of law in later cases. The doctrine of binding precedent, or stare decisis is the heart of the english legal system it refers to the fact that within the hierarchical structure of the english courts, a decision of a higher court will be binding on a lower court. Advantages and disadvantages of the doctrine of judicial precedents there are both advantages and disadvantages in following the method of precedents in deciding cases the most significant advantage is the element of consistency and certainty that is brought in with the application of precedents.
Precedent that must be applied or followed is known as binding precedent (alternately metaphorically precedent, mandatory or binding authority, etc) under the doctrine of stare decisis , a lower court must honor findings of law made by a higher court that is within the appeals path of cases the court hears. Legal precedent set in the federal court system is not generally binding on any state court, though it is commonly used as persuasive precedent for example: the state court of alabama rules in a civil lawsuit that a photographer must refund the entire amount charged to a client for a photo shoot, if the client is unhappy with any of the photos. Stare decisis is a bedrock principle of the american legal system, but it is not “an inexorable command” the doctrine “is a principle of policy and not a mechanical formula of adherence to the latest decision” in determining whether to strip a precedent of its binding power, courts balance a number of non-dispositive factors. Chapter i – overview of the doctrine of precedent and the use of case law in the legal systems of the united kingdom and the united states 11 introduction to the doctrine of binding precedent in the uk.